Whatever your skill level, whether you’re an experienced carpenter or a DIY handyman, you’ll need a wide variety of basic hand tools to get the job done, no matter what. The importance of hand tools in the workplace and at home cannot be overstated.
It’s much easier to accomplish household tasks when you have a wide variety of hand tools at your disposal, whether you’re a woodworker or a homemaker. The majority of carpentry tasks can be completed using hand tools, as can appliance repairs and maintenance. Hand tools are available in a variety of sizes and price ranges and may be acquired at any local hardware shop without difficulty.
List of Basic Hand Tools
Many hand tools are so widely used that even those who don’t know their names are likely to be familiar with their purpose and how to use them. Take a closer look at some of the most useful hand tools and the numerous variations available.
Crowbars have a circular shape and are usually longer and heavier than pry bars. It is not a tool for delicate work because it is commonly used as a demolition tool, hence the name “wrecking bar.”
When it comes to dealing with heavy objects, the curved-shaped pry bar is the preferable option.
Pinch bars, goosenecks, and other terms are used to describe crowbars. Using a crowbar, you can pry rocks loose, move big objects, or even shattered glass or drywall with relative ease.
Compared to its twin, the pry bar, this is a less popular piece of equipment, despite its usefulness and versatility.
While power equipment like routers and sanders have pushed planers to the back of construction workers’ minds, they are still important. These machines are preferred by some woodworkers above those that do not require human power. As with any other instrument on this list, the blade on a hand planer must be regularly honed in order to function properly.
To put it simply, a planer is a tool used to smooth or flatten wood by dragging a cutting surface across its surface. A planer can help you get rounded edges instead of sharp ones if you like.
To put it another way, fore and smoothing planes are like coarse and fine grit sandpaper, respectively, when used in conjunction with each other. The purpose of this is to remove wood.
For straightening wood, a jointer plane can be as long as 3 feet long / 0.91 metres.
The screwdriver is a simple hand tool that has improved the quality of life for practically everyone who has ever lived. Screws are far superior to nails as a means of attachment, thus it’s no surprise that the screwdriver is a staple of modern society. Screwdrivers can be broadly divided into three categories, notwithstanding the large number of variations.
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To drive screws with a plus-shaped indentation on their heads,
- Phillips-head screwdrivers are most commonly employed. To prevent the Phillips-head screwdriver from drifting off to one side, the tool has two blade-like features at right angles to the screw.
- The slotted or flathead screwdriver is as fundamental as a screwdriver gets, being almost as widespread as the Phillips-head. Because the flat tooth of the tool fits into a slot on the screw, turning the screw with fingers would be much more difficult.
- As a result, Phillips screwdrivers are favoured since flathead screwdrivers tend to slip out of the screw groove. Adding insult to injury, a screwdriver that goes awry can readily inflict harm on surfaces.
- It is a type of specialist screwdriver that works only with screws that have a star design on them. In order to prevent a burglar with a screwdriver from gaining easy entry, they are commonly employed. A star screwdriver is unique, thus most criminals don’t have a full set in their cat burglar kit.
- As a result of technological advancements, we now have screwdrivers that can be used with different bits. The greatest multi-bit tools have ratcheting action, allow bits to be stored in the tool’s body, and even have magnets built into them.
- When all you have to look through is a small assortment of pieces, it’s much easier to find the proper screwdriver with one of them.
To turn screws with slotted heads with a screwdriver, a hand-operated tool. Standard screwdrivers with flat blade tips and a variety of sizes are used for screws with one straight diametric slot cut across the head.
Handy equipment or tools such as pliers are needed for a variety of household tasks. A broken water pipe or an extension of the electrical wire can arise at any time. Among the many tools in my toolbox are: long-nosed pliers, water-pumping pliers, combination pliers, side-cutting pliers, and locks.
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Use the Combination pliers for the heavy-duty applications like cutting thick wires or bending big sheets of metal. Electrical operations, such as peeling off insulation from wires and trimming and dressing joints, can be made easier with the help of side-cutting pliers. Long-nosed pliers are great for holding small screws or picking up small pieces from hard-to-reach places. These pliers, which are adjustable, come in handy when you need to work on pipes or change taps. To protect my health from electric shocks, you always check the insulation on the handles of my pliers.
- Cutting pliers are the most effective tool for cutting nuts and cables. If you ever need to clip a wire or remove a small nail, have a pair of them handy.
- Pliers with a needle-nosed end thereis no denying that you have an undeniable fondness for these pliers. These pliers are excellent for working with small, delicate objects. These pliers come in handy when dealing with little or awkward-to-reach objects. You’ll appreciate having these on hand for those times when a screw just won’t budge.
- Pliers with Locks These pliers are a must-have if you ever find yourself in a sticky situation. Using them to remove nails and thaw frozen nuts and bolts is a terrific use for them. They can also be used as a clamp in a pinch, but we wouldn’t recommend it without a clamp.
- Self- Adjustable pliers can be classified as adjustable pliers. They’re excellent for home maintenance and plumbing repairs. This is a much better alternative to your standard set of slip-joint pliers, and one that you should keep on hand just in case.
Hammers are quite useful hand tool when you need to hit something with a lot of force. It’s like the lifeblood of a do-it-yourself job. As far as I know, you can’t think of any tiny or large DIY project without one. We all know that a hammer is an excellent tool for breaking or cracking things.
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These three most commonly used tools are the claw, rubber mallet and chipping hammers, which may be used for a wide range of chores at home and in the yard.
- Using claw hammers, rubber mallets, and chipping hammers, you may easily remove slag and welding residue from metal without damaging the metal itself.
- A sledgehammer is a specialised tool, although it is useful for a wide range of tasks. A sledgehammer is a wonderful choice whenever you require physical force. When it comes to breaking stuff, you never know when you’ll need these tools.
- The Ball Peen Hammer is an indispensable tool for anyone who intends to work with metal in any capacity. To drive cold chisels, this is the instrument to use.
It’s time to invest in a high-quality hammer set.
A wrench, like a pair of pliers, may turn or prevent the turning of a bolt or nut according to its torque. Wrenches, in contrast to pliers, are available in a variety of predetermined sizes.
While a set of pliers can spin a half-inch nut and a quarter-inch bolt, wrenches cannot be interchanged. Wrenches (particularly box-end wrenches) have the advantage of being able to cover a larger surface area of the nut or bolt and hence provide more torque.
Types of wrenches.
Wrenches come in three basic varieties:
- It features S on both ends in various diameters to accommodate a variety of nut and bolt sizes.
- In actuality, the so-called box is a full circle that surrounds the nut or bolt, and it holds the nut or bolt in place in 360 degrees.
- An open-end tool with a box end is known as a “combination” in the trade. The most common of the three is the combination wrench.
Set of Allen Screws there’s no better time than now to pick up an Allen wrench set. It’s impossible to work in a workshop without these essential instruments. If you plan to use the set frequently, we strongly recommend obtaining a high-quality one.
For things like nuts and bolts, an adjustable wrench is the best choice. When you don’t know what size nut you’re dealing with, having a movable lower jaw is a godsend because you can make it any size you need.
Having a set of combination wrenches on hand is also a good idea. You don’t want to be caught without these tools because they are necessary for many undertakings. In addition, they’re a steal, so there’s no excuse not to get them.
Dovetails can be made with the use of a dovetail saw. Other use include notching a shelf using it. In general, they are extremely adaptable and may be used for a variety of minor DIY projects.
Small pieces of wood may be cut with a crosscut saw, making it an excellent tool for furniture repair and construction. Simply because it’s so versatile, we recommend purchasing one of these saws.
When working on some jobs, you’ll want a thin, flexible saw like a Dozuki. Cutting pegs and other small, precise cuts is where this saw comes in handy.
When it comes to cutting curves, coping saws can accomplish it better than any other hand saw. You need this type of saw if you plan to work with wood on a regular basis or if you’re simply undertaking some modest DIY projects.
Axes are always handy if you own land with trees or anything of the type. Any homeowner should have these tools, even if they don’t intend to cut anything. If a tree were to fall in your driveway, an axe would come in handy.
Long and narrow, the Drywall Saw is primarily employed in the cutting of various building materials, such as drywall. You’ll need this saw for various projects if you’re a homeowner.
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When you’re remodelling your house, a well-designed demolition tool can save you a lot of time. You can considerably boost your relative strength with the help of a demolisher. Tile, drywall, wood, glass, plaster, and nails can all be broken or uprooted with no effort.
A must-have in your toolbox, it instantly dispatches anything in your way of completing a project. It can also be used as a hammer, as a pry bar, or as a nail puller.
The most intriguing aspect of this gadget is that it can do the functions of three distinct sorts of instruments, and it will only cost you around $20. Isn’t it incredible?
When something needs to be held in place, a C-clamp is the go-to hand tool. Temporarily securing something in place is a breeze using this method. Assembling, fastening, glueing, and welding can all be done using this tool.
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Repairing something without the assistance of others can also benefit from using these tools. It might be referred to as your “third hand”.
- Iron body with swivel and T-bar ensures equal pressure and optimum clamping force with a thick iron body. Using these clamps, you can drill, screw, and hammer with confidence. So, don’t forget to include it in your arsenal.
- Trigger-activated T-Strap This is one of our favourite clamps, but there are plenty to choose from. Because it’s one-handed, you can keep the other hand free for holding your work. If you’re a DIY enthusiast, this is a must-have. If you’ve ever found yourself wishing you had three hands while trying to tighten a clamp, the bar clamp is the solution for you.
- Parallel-jaw because it is so large, this clamp is a must-have. As a result, it is useful for square assembly and other tasks that necessitate precision. A lot of the clamps on this list can also exert a lot of pressure, which may be advantageous in your case.
- A spring-clamp using these clamps is a simple process. They’re great for holding things motionless for a brief period of time when only a slight amount of pressure is required. It’s always a good idea to have a few of them handy.
Among the many types of hand tools, Bars are among the most popular. Flat bars, wrecking bars, and a slew of other variations exist. Hand tools like Flat Bars can help you get a better grip on two objects that are attached to each other.
In addition, they work just as well for removing nails. On the other hand the hexagonal shape and larger length of the wrecking bar make it more useful as a lever. To separate things and remove nails, wrecking bars are employed.
All types of demolition necessitate the use of a Utility Bar. To remove panelling and pull out nails, invest in a high-quality bar. This is an extremely useful tool that can speed up a wide range of tasks.
Chisels are composed of metal and have a bevelled cutting edge that distinguishes them from other tools. It’s no surprise that different chisels are available for a variety of tasks.
As a blacksmith, you’ll utilize both cold and hot chisels in your work, depending on the metal you’re dealing with. They’re heavier, and they’re more commonly employed for demolition with jackhammers, such as masonry chisels.
The chisel, a lengthier hand tool, necessitates the use of a hammer in order to function. Michelangelo needed a hammer in addition to his chisels since he was working with marble, which is harder to work with than wood.
Choosing a chisel that is comfortable in your hand is important because you’ll likely find the same thing when you start working on your own projects from scratch.
In what ways are hand tools dangerous?
In contrast to power tools, which include moving and rotating elements, hand tools are more dangerous because of their overuse and poor maintenance. Here are a few examples:
- Because of the dangers of flying tool heads, it is important to make sure that wooden handles on tools such as an axe and/or hammer are in good condition.
- When using a wrench with spring jaws, you run the risk of the wrench slipping and causing injury.
- Using a chisel for an unintended purpose (such as using it as a screwdriver) could result in the chisel tip breaking off and striking someone.
Basic Safety Concepts
Before diving into the details, here are a few fundamental safety guidelines to remember when working with a hand tool:
- Protect yourself from harm by dressing appropriately and using personal protective equipment (PPE) such as safety goggles and gloves.
- When using a hand tool, keep your balance and keep your feet on the ground.
- Hand tools should only be used in well-lit areas.
- Make sure the flooring in your workplace are clean and dry at all times.
- People who aren’t working should keep a safe distance from hand tools while they are being used.
Here are a few good examples of safety precautions to keep in mind when working with various hand tools:
- When using knives or saws, keep the sharp edges away from coworkers and from aisles where customers or passers-by might come into contact with them.
- Non-ferrous (spark-resistant) hand tools should be used while working with volatile liquids, explosive substances, flammable gases, etc. since iron or steel instruments have the ability to create sparks (which can ignite).
- Broken saw blades should never be used on hand-tools.
- Do not use too many sprung wrenches.
- Keep mushroom heads off of your impact tools (such as wedges, drift pins, and chisels).
- Hand tools with dull blades should never be used (for example knives and even scissors). Using a dull tool can be more dangerous than using a sharp instrument.
- Hand tools with splintered hardwood handles should not be used.
For as long as towns and agriculture have existed, hand tools have proven their utility. There is a learning curve involved in using them, but the payoff is enormous over time.
Lists of everyday-use hand tools have been compiled in this section. Later on, you may buy a slew of extra hand tools and equipment. If you’re a rookie, it’s a good idea to utilize this guide to keep track of the most essential hand tools.